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Ear disorders

Let’s talk ear disorders

Symptoms and diagnosis

Ear disease is often seen in dogs and cats and occasionally in horses. Ear problems present with symptoms like itch around the ears, shaking of the head, pain when touching the ear region, discharge from the ear canal, hearing loss, head tilt and others. In cases where ear problems are present the veterinarian will make a thorough clinical investigation, including an examination of the secretion from the ear canal. The microscopic examination will reveal if there is an active infection or bacterial or yeast overgrowth.

Subsequently the ear canal is cleaned thoroughly, and the status of the eardrum is noted. This may require sedation or general anesthesia. Bacteria and yeasts are secondary causes of otitis and every effort should therefore be made to determine the primary reason for the ear problem. The list of possible primary causes can be long (parasites, foreign bodies, allergies, infections, hormonal disorders, metabolic disease, immune mediated disease, tumors etc.). Usually, it will take two or more appointments to determine the underlying problem and to make a long-term treatment plan.

The treatment of the ear problem will normally include an ear cleaner. It is especially important to remove excessive ear wax and secretion from the ear canal to help the natural cleaning process. Choose ear cleaner according to the nature of the ear secretion and the microscopic findings. The cleaner should be effective and non-irritating. Some bacteria and yeast can produce biofilm which needs to be removed for successful treatment. Nextmune offers a large range of well documented ear products.

Ear problems and the link to allergy

The most common underlying cause for recurrent ear infections is allergy (food allergy and/or atopy). Nextmune is the global #1 in allergy diagnostics and treatment with a complete offer from the latest technology in allergy testing, PAX (Pet Allergy Xplorer) and NextEQ, to the only licensed immunotherapy in Europe*, Artuvetrin® Therapy.

To support food elimination trials and diet choices use the PAX Food Test. Once the clinical diagnosis of atopic dermatitis is made, a PAX test or an intradermal test, Artuvetrin® Skin Test, can be performed. The PAX test will also show if there is an allergic response towards flea saliva and insects.

Identifying the responsible allergens is a fundamental step to implement environmental control measures and to pick the correct allergens for an allergen specific immunotherapy, Artuvetrin® Therapy.  Artuvetrin® Therapy is the only licensed immunotherapy in Europe* and the best option for long-term treatment of atopic dermatitis.

*Licensed in the Netherlands